Friday, November 7, 2008

Não temos consciência de crenças religiosas...

The Evil Pleasure

Pascal Boyer in Nature on religion:

One important finding is that people are only aware of some of their religious beliefs.  ... For instance, experiments reveal that most people entertain highly anthropomorphic expectations about gods, whatever their explicit beliefs. ... Research has shown that unlike conscious beliefs, which differ widely from one tradition to another, tacit assumptions are extremely similar in different cultures and religions. ... Experiments suggest that people best remember stories that include a combination of counterintuitive physical feats ... and plausibly human psychological features.  ... Experiments show that it is much more natural to think "the gods know that I stole this money" than "the gods know that I had porridge for breakfast." ...

Humans are unique among animals in maintaining large, stable coalitions of unrelated individuals, strongly bonded by mutual trust.  Humans evolved the cognitive tools to ... gauge others' reliability. ... They can emit and detect costly, hard-to-fake signals of commitment. ... When people proclaim their adherence to a particular faith, they subscribe to claims for which there is no evidence, and that would be taken as obviously wrong or ridiculous in other religions groups.  This signals a willingness to embrace the group's particular norm for no other reason than that it is, precisely, the group's norm.

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